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There is very specific terminology in regards to freight that you should be familiar with as you prepare and book your next shipment. We’ve listed a handful of the terms that we are most frequently asked to be clarified by our customers. If you’d like additional help or have a specific question, please contact your LogisticsFox Freight Solutions Account Representative.
An additional fee for service beyond standard transportation pricing. Such fees would include residential or liftgate that are notated on a BOL or requested by the shipping or receiving party.
BOL (Bill of Lading)
A document which acknowledges receipt of the goods and establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper, transportation company or logistics provider. It signifies which freight is to be moved between specified points for a specified charge. It serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage, and a receipt for goods. It is prepared by the shipper on forms issued by the carrier and is a legal document.
This facility is authorized by Customs authorities for storage or processing of goods. No Customs duties are incurred until the goods are removed.
Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway, or by a combination of such modes.
A demand for payment made upon a transportation line due to loss sustained through its alleged negligence.
A publication, such as The Uniform Freight Classification (railroad) or the National Motor Freight Classification (motor carrier), that assigns ratings to various articles and provides bill of lading descriptions and rules.
The designation provided in a classification by which a class rate is determined.
Clean Bill of Lading
A receipt for goods issued by a carrier with an indication that the goods were received in "apparent good order and condition" without damage or other irregularities.
Article shipped. For dangerous and hazardous cargo, the correct commodity identification is crucial.
The person or company (named in the bill of lading) to whom commodities are shipped. The owner of the cargo.
Goods in transit under a bill of lading; the delivery of merchandise from an exporter (the consignor) to an agent (the consignee) under agreement that the agent sell the merchandise for the exporter’s account.
Consignor or Shipper
The person or company shown as the shipper on the bill of lading.
A truck trailer body that can be detached from the chassis for loading into a vessel or a rail car or stacked in a container depot. Containers may be ventilated, insulated, refrigerated, flat rack, vehicle rack, open top, high cube, bulk liquid, or equipped with interior devices. A container may be 20 feet, 40 feet, 45 feet, 48 feet, or 53 feet in length; 8'0" or 8'6" in width; and 8'6" or 9'6" in height.
The authorities designated to collect duties on imports and exports that are levied by a country (also applying to the procedures involved in such collection). They are responsible for ensuring that no illegal importation takes place.
A form requiring all data in a commercial invoice along with a certificate of value and/or a certificate of origin. Required in a few countries (usually former British territories) and usually serves as a seller’s commercial invoice.
Dim Weight (Dimensional Weight or Volume Weight)
Freight charges calculated by the cubic dimension (total cubic inches). This measurement, along with the weight of the pieces shipped, is typically used by airfreight carriers to determine their freight charges.
A receipt issued to acknowledge receipt of a shipment at the carrier’s dock or warehouse facilities. When delivery of a foreign shipment is completed, the dock receipt is surrendered to the vessel operator or agent and serves as a basis for preparation of Bill of Lading.
A tariff that applies to countries that do not enjoy either preferential or most-favored-nation tariff treatment. When the general tariff rate differs from the most-favored-nation rate, the general rate is usually the higher rate.
The full weight of a shipment, including goods and packaging (crating/palleting).
Shippers, Consignees and Residences without forklifts generally require a liftgate. A standard liftgate can only handle up to 2,000 lbs at a time.
LTL (Less Than Truckload)
This term typically refers to shipments of 150 – 10,000 pounds, not requiring more than 6 standard pallet spaces.
Net Weight (Actual Net Weight)
Weight of the goods alone without any immediate wrappings; e.g., the weight of the contents of a tin can excluding the can’s weight.
N.M.F.C. (National Motor Freight Classification)
A listing of items used to determine the “class” of a particular item shipped. The class of the item along with the weight and distance traveled, is a determinator of the freight charge.
Non Commercial (Limited Access)
Can be considered but are not limited to church sites, construction sites, mine sites, utility sites, government sites, carnivals, fairs or amusement parks, winery, brewery or distilleries, mini storage facilities, lodges, resorts, hotels, motels or inns, native american reservations, parks or forest preserves, golf courses, country clubs, recreational or athletic facilities, prisons or correctional facilities, schools including day-care facilities, pre-schools, elementary schools, junior high or middle schools, high schools, vocational or trade schools, junior colleges, colleges, or universities (other than those with general receiving docks).
Itemized list of commodities with marks/numbers but no cost values indicated.
A flat metal or wood bottom for cargo.
Port of Entry
At this port foreign goods are admitted into the receiving country. The Customs authority designated this point where goods are examined and go through clearance.
Power of Attorney
A method a company uses to assign authority to another company or person to perform a certain function on the behalf of the first company.
A pickup or delivery performed at a personal residence, apartment, dormitory, rectory or parsonages. Residential charges only cover to the front door of the residence. Additional charges may occur for additional services.
A commonly used term to describe a pallet that does not exceed 48 inches by 48 inches.
This may be as little as 5,000 pounds, or as much as 50,000 pounds. A shipment that requires to be moved by itself directly from point of origin to point of destination.
Shipments consisting of more than 6 pallets but less than a full truckload.
For additional assistance, please contact us at (888) 379-8409 or by email at